Lioresal-Liofen-Baclofen 25mg

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Lioresal-Liofen-Baclofen 25mg

Generic: Baclofen 25mg

Manufacturer: Sun Pharma

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$0.60

LIORESAL 25 mg is a muscle relaxant used for the treatment of short term painful conditions such as spasms of muscles. One tablet of LIORESAL 25 mg contains 25 mg of baclofen (active ingredient). Its active ingredient is baclofen. It blocks the transmission of signals responsible for pain. It has no direct action on muscles. It is centrally acting medication that means it acts on brain. Muscle relaxants are a class of drugs which relaxes muscles by acting directly on muscles or indirectly through brain. This medication has a sedative action on the body. They are used for painful conditions like lower back pain.

Additional Information

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Side Effects No
precaution No
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MECHANISM OF ACTION

LIORESAL is a central nervous system depressant which activates GABA-B receptors. Stimulation of these receptors decreases frequency and intensity of muscle spasms. It acts mainly on the spinal cord. It does not act directly on the muscles. GABA is a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. It is inhibitory in nature. It plays a role in regulating excitability of neurons and directly responsible for the regulation of muscle tone.

THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS

LIORESAL is indicated for the relief of the spasms of voluntary muscle in disorders like multiple sclerosis, tumours of the spinal cord, other spinal injuries, motor neuron disease, transverse myelitis, a traumatic partial section of the cord, cerebrovascular accidents, cerebral palsy, meningitis and head injury.

 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The dosage depends on the condition of the patient. Always start with minimum effective dose. Treatment should be started with a dose of 15 mg daily, and then it has been titrated to reach optimal levels. The dose should be in the range of 40-60 mg. Do not increase 80 mg in a day. Follow the dosage regimen prescribed by your doctor. The following dosage schedule is recommended for LIORESAL oral tablets;

  • 5 mg three times a day for 3 days
  • 10 mg three times a day for 3 days
  • 15 mg three times a day for 3 days
  • 20 mg three times a day for 3 days

Take the tablet three times a day with or without food. Do not stop taking the medicine without doctor’s advice because it can worsen your condition. If you forget to take the medicine of the day take it as soon as you remember but do not double the dose in the next day. Leave the dose of the last day and take your regular dose. It can take 1 month to improve. Tell your doctor if you are not getting any benefit from LIORESAL.

WHAT ARE THE SIDE EFFECTS?

Common side effects are

  • Sedation
  • Nausea
  • Somnolence
  • Muscle weakness
  • Dry mouth

Rare but serious side effects are:

  • Allergic reaction to the drug resulting in redness/itching, swelling of lips/ throat/neck, rashes and difficulty in breathing.
  • Chest pain, cough
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Difficult and painful urination (dysuria)
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Abdominal  discomfort
  • frequent urge to urinate
  • low blood pressure 
  • numbness or tingling in hands or feet
  •  sexual problems in males
  • stuffy nose
  • swelling of ankles

After stopping using this medicine, some problems or side effects can occur. So do not stop taking it without doctor’s permission.

 DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • Other CNS depressants like anti-anxiety drugs (Alprazolam, Diazepam, Zolpidem, Meprobamate), anti-allergies (Cetrizine, Diphenhydramine), other muscle relaxants and narcotic pain relievers. When taken with LIORESAL increase the CNS depressant effect.
  • Triproline.

This list of drugs is inadequate. There are so many other drugs that can interact. So inform your doctor about all the medicines you are using before start using LIORESAL.

 CONTRAINDICATIONS

LIORESAL is contraindicated in following conditions:

  • Liver and kidney disease.
  • If you have allergy to LIORESAL tell your doctor.
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding.
  • Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history like if you are having kidney disease, mental or mood disorders (schizophrenia)and brain disease (seizures, strokes).
  • Should not be used in elderly and children without the prescription of doctor.

PRECAUTIONS

  • If you are pregnant, this medicine should only be used when the benefits are more than risks. Always tell your doctor if you are pregnant.
  •  This drug passes through breast milk and can cause harm to your baby. Consult doctor before using it if you are breastfeeding.
  • LIORESAL can make you dizzy or sleepy so do not drive, use heavy machinery or do any work that requires alertness after taking it.
  • Do not take any other sedative medicine with LIORESAl because it can lead to severe drowsiness. Always tell your doctor about the medicines you are using.
  • DO not drink alcohol while you are on a therapy with LIORESAL. When combined with alcohol can diminish your alertness.
  •  Do not take it without prescription of doctor.

OVERDOSE

Symptoms of overdose are:                                                                          

  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Severe drowsiness
  • Slow breathing or difficulty in breathing.

In case of overdose or poisoning, call your doctor for immediate help.

Treatment of overdose: Supportive measures and symptomatic treatment should be given. Since the drug is excreted chiefly via the kidneys, generous quantities of fluid should be given. Haemodialysis can also be done.

STORAGE

LIORESAL should be stored in cool and dry place away from the reach of children. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer required.

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