EBOLA VIRUS OUTBREAK

Ebola virus is a virus which mainly infects human and primates. It can lead to the death of sufferer. Ebola virus can cause external as well as internal bleeding. Ebola virus was first observed near the Ebola River valley in Zaire. This virus is named after the Ebola River. Natural host of Ebola virus are the Fruit bats belonging to Pteropodidae family. There are no eradication programs to control Ebola virus. Rapid transmission of viral reservoirs to human populations further aggravates the severity. There is lack of knowledge about the virus because of unavailability of resources. It belongs to the genus Ebola virus of Filoviridae family and order Mononegavirales

DIAGNOSIS

This diagnosis of Ebola virus is done by following methods:

1. Electron microscopy
2. Antigen detection tests.         
3. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction assay (RT-PCR)
4. Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
5. Virus isolation by cell culture
6. Serum neutralization test.

TRANSMISSION OF EBOLA VIRUS

A close contact with the blood and other body fluids of the infected animals is responsible for the transmission of Ebola virus. Mucous membranes or damaged skin and blood of the infected individuals contain viral toxins. Handling of infected animals like moneys and fruit bats is also a cause for the infection. This virus has a potential to spread from the dead body of the infected persons to the funeral-goers

SYMPTOMS

 Headache, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, soreness of throat, fever, dysfunction of Liver and kidney problems, bloody vomiting are the symptoms which appear during the infection of Ebola virus. In the last stages internal and external bleeding takes place. Ebola virus has an incubation period of 2 to 21 days.

TREATMENT

No medicine has been yet discovered for the treatment of Ebola virus. A number of studies are going on for the anti-viral medicine of Ebola. Only supportive therapy by making use of electrolytes, rehydrating solutions and anti-coagulants are the only therapy for the Ebola virus. Early supportive therapy can reduce the chances of complications and enhance survival.

PREVENTION

1. Always use a hand sanitizer having high alcohol content. Repeated washing of hands can help against the infection.

2. It is wise to avoid visiting the endemic regions such as Africa, make sure about the current status of epidemic by getting information from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

3. Direct contact to the people infected by Ebola virus should be avoided.

4. Infected Person or animal should be isolated so that it does not become sporadic to healthy individual. Sterilization and disposal of vaccines or other equipment use in infected patient should be done properly.

5. Dead bodies of infected patients can also transmit infection. A special team of trained persons should be assigned for burying of the bodies.

 Ebola, Ebola Virus, Symptoms of Ebola, Treatment of Ebola, Prevention of Ebola

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